A Nobel Peace Prize is assigned to individuals who have done great things in establishing the fraternity and unity between nations, as well as promoting the peace congresses. This prize is one of the five types that were established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel.
Therefore, since the personalities who have won the Nobel Peace Prize have made great changes in the history of humanity, we have decided to make a list of those who are best-known in the world.
Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu (Mother Teresa) was born in 1910 in Skopje. She won the prize in 1979 for her activity in taking care of the poor in the slums of Calcutta. She founded the Missionaries of Charity and succeeded in transforming this organization into a worldwide one, being helped by a lot of volunteers and donations.
In 1906, Theodore Roosevelt, the American president, won the Nobel Peace Prize after he had a great role in the peace agreement that had led to the end of the Russo-Japanese war. The president was the one that negotiated that agreement.
You have probably heard at school in history classes about Mikhail Gorbachev, because he was a great personality of that time.
Mikhail Gorbachev’s actions led to the end of the Cold War. He won the prize in 1990, since he had played a great role in establishing peace between America and the Soviet Union.
Jane Addams was a social worker who, in 1919, founded the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom. She mostly fought against poverty and industrial child labor. She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931. More than that, because Jane Addams was strongly against USA’s entering World War I, she was described as being a “threat to national security”.
Jody Williams’ main concern was to provide artificial limbs for children during war-torn El Salvador in the 1980s. After that, she activated in the International Campaign to Ban Landmines.
Her activities and work led to the banning of the production, use and sale of anti-personnel mines.
All of these personalities, as well as all the other ones who have won this prize, played a great part in changing humanity and the history of the world we are living in. Who knows what would have happened if these people had not made the changes they dreamed of making. A Nobel Peace Prize is a great way of rewarding people for their wonderful deeds.
The real thing about this prize is not actually the prize, but the meaning. Nothing stops people from being better and doing good things for the world.